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Tripolie Navigation menu VideoCaught in Gunfire on Tripoli Streets (Lebanon)
Several months after the initial uprising, rebel forces in the Nafusa Mountains advanced towards the coast, retaking Zawiya and reaching Tripoli on 21 August.
On 21 August, the symbolic Green Square, immediately renamed Martyrs' Square by the rebels, was taken under rebel control and pro-Gaddafi posters were torn down and burned.
During a radio address on 1 September, Gaddafi declared that the capital of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya had been moved from Tripoli to Sirte , after rebels had taken control of Tripoli.
In August and September , Islamist armed groups extended their control of central Tripoli. The House of Representatives parliament set up operations on a Greek car ferry in Tobruk.
A rival New General National Congress parliament continued to operate in Tripoli. Tripoli and its surrounding suburbs all lie within the Tripoli sha'biyah district.
In accordance with Libya's former Jamahiriya political system, Tripoli comprises Local People's Congresses where, in theory, the city's population discuss different matters and elect their own people's committee; at present [ when?
In reality, the former revolutionary committees severely limited the democratic process by closely supervising committee and congress elections at the branch and district levels of governments, Tripoli being no exception.
Tripoli is sometimes referred to as "the de jure capital of Libya" because none of the country's ministries are actually located in the capital.
Even the former National General People's Congress was held annually in the city of Sirte rather than in Tripoli.
As part of a radical decentralization programme undertaken by Gaddafi in September , all General People's Committee secretariats ministries , except those responsible for foreign liaison foreign policy and international relations and information, were moved outside Tripoli.
According to diplomatic sources, the former Secretariat for Economy and Trade was moved to Benghazi ; the Secretariat for Health to Kufra ; and the remainder, excepting one, to Sirte, Muammar Gaddafi 's birthplace.
In early it was announced that the Secretariat for Foreign Liaison and International Co-operation was to be moved to Ra's Lanuf.
In October , Libya fell to The National Transitional Council N. Tripoli lies at the western extremity of Libya close to the Tunisian border, on the continent of Africa.
Over a thousand kilometres Miles separates Tripoli from Libya's second largest city, Benghazi. Until , the " Sha'biyah " included the city, its suburbs and their immediate surroundings.
In older administrative systems and throughout history, there existed a province " muhafazah " , state " wilayah " or city-state with a much larger area though not constant boundaries , which is sometimes mistakenly referred to as Tripoli but more appropriately should be called Tripolitania.
Tripoli has a hot semi-arid climate Köppen : BSh  with hot and dry, prolonged summers and relatively wet mild winters. The average annual rainfall is less than millimetres 16 inches.
Snowfall has occurred in past years. The rainfall can be very erratic. Epic floods in left Tripoli underwater for several days, but two years later an unprecedented drought caused the loss of thousands of head of cattle.
Deficiency in rainfall is no doubt reflected in an absence of permanent rivers or streams in the city as is indeed true throughout the entire country.
The allocation of limited water is considered of sufficient importance to warrant the existence of the Secretariat of Dams and Water Resources, and damaging a source of water can be penalized by a heavy fine or imprisonment.
The Great Manmade River , a network of pipelines that transport water from the desert to the coastal cities, supplies Tripoli with its water.
Tripoli is dotted with public spaces, but none fit under the category of large city parks. Martyrs' Square , located near the waterfront is scattered with palm trees , the most abundant plant used for landscaping in the city.
The Tripoli Zoo , located south of the city center, is a large reserve of plants, trees and open green spaces and was the country's biggest zoo.
Tripoli is one of the main hubs of Libya's economy along with Misrata. It is the leading centre of banking , finance and communication in the country and is one of the leading commercial and manufacturing cities in Libya.
Many of the country's largest corporations locate their headquarters and home offices in Tripoli as well as the majority of international companies.
Major manufactured goods include processed food , textiles, construction materials, clothing and tobacco products. Since the lifting of sanctions against Libya in and again in , Tripoli has seen a rise in foreign investment as well as an increase in tourism.
Increased traffic has also been recorded in the city's port as well as Libya's main international airport, Tripoli International.
The city is home to the Tripoli International Fair , an international industrial, agricultural and commercial event located on Omar Muktar Avenue.
One of the active members of the Global Association of the Exhibition Industry UFI , located in the French capital Paris, the international fair is organized annually and takes place from 2—12 April.
Participation averages around 30 countries as well as more than companies and organizations. Since the rise in tourism and influx of foreign visitors, there has been an increased demand for hotels in the city.
To cater for these increased demands, the Corinthia Bab Africa Hotel located in the central business district was constructed in and is the largest hotel in Libya.
Other high end hotels in Tripoli include the Al Waddan Intercontinental and the Tripoli Radisson Blu Hotel as well as others.
There is a project under construction which will finish by It is a part of the Tripoli business center and it will have towers and hotels, a marketing center, restaurants and above ground and underground parking.
The cost is planned to be more than 3. Companies with head offices in Tripoli include Afriqiyah Airways and Libyan Airlines.
By , due to the effects of the Libyan Civil War , rising inflation, militia infighting, bureaucratic issues, multiple central banks, fragmented governments, corruption, and other issues, the economic state of Libya is suffering.
Locals in Libya must purchase dollars on the black market, rather than receiving dollars on the official rate of 1. Militias however have been benefiting from this exploit due to their armed influences and corrupt natures by purchasing dollars on the official rate of 1.
The city's old town, the Medina , is still unspoiled by mass-tourism, though it was increasingly exposed to more and more visitors from abroad, following the lifting of the UN embargo in However, the walled Medina retains much of its serene old-world ambiance.
Three gates provided access to the old town: Bab Zanata in the west, Bab Hawara in the southeast and Bab Al-Bahr in the north wall.
The city walls are still standing and can be climbed for good views of the city. The bazaar is also known for its traditional ware; fine jewellery and clothes can be found in the local markets.
A clock tower, 18 metres tall, was built in by the Ottoman governor and is still one of the city's landmarks.
There are a number of buildings that were constructed by the Italian colonial rulers and later demolished under Gaddafi. They included the Royal Miramare Theatre, next to the Red Castle, and Tripoli Railway Central Station.
The Red Castle Museum Assaraya al-Hamra , a vast palace complex with numerous courtyards, dominates the city skyline and is located on the outskirts of the Medina.
There are some classical statues and fountains from the Ottoman period scattered around the castle. Among the places of worship , they are predominantly Muslim mosques.
The largest university in Tripoli, the University of Tripoli , is a public university providing free education to the city's inhabitants. Private universities and colleges have also begun to crop up in the last few years.
Football is the most popular sport in the Libyan capital. Tripoli is home of the most prominent football clubs in Libya including Al Madina , Al Ahly Tripoli and Al Ittihad Tripoli.
Other sports clubs based in Tripoli include Al Wahda Tripoli and Addahra. The city also played host to the Italian Super Cup in The Africa Cup of Nations were to be played in Libya, three of the venues were supposed to be in Tripoli, but it was cancelled due to the ongoing conflict of the Second Libyan Civil War.
Tripoli hosted the final games of the official African Basketball Championship. Tripoli International Airport is the largest airport in Tripoli and Libya.
Tripoli also has another airport, the smaller Mitiga International Airport. Tripoli is the interim destination of a railway from Sirte under construction in In July The Tripoli international Airport was destroyed, following the Battle of Tripoli Airport , when Zintani militias in charge of security were attacked by Islamist militias of the GNC, code naming the operation 'Libya Dawn' also known as " Libya Dawn Militias ", led by Misurati militia general Salah Badi.
The event happened after secular Zintani militias were accused with claims of smuggling drugs, alcohol and illegal items, known to have past ties with the Gaddafi Regime.
Libya's Mufti Sadiq al Ghariani has praised the Libya Dawn Operation. The airport was shelled with Grad rockets with reports of the Air Traffic Control tower completely destroyed, including the main reception building completely wrecked.
Surrounding civilian residential areas and infrastructure, of which include Bridges, Electricity equipment, water equipment, and roads were also damaged in the fighting.
Oil storage tankers containing large reserves of Kerosene fuels, gases and related chemicals were burnt and large plumes of smoke rose into the air.
All flights have been diverted to ex-military base known as Mitiga International Airport as of The An-Naga mosque is a reconstruction of a 10th-century mosque, it has original richly decorated Roman capitals crowning the forest of columns in its multi-domed hall.
The old Tripoli Cathedral now a mosque and the former FIAT centre Algeria Square during the s. A view of the Tripoli skyline from the Corinthia Hotel Tripoli.
Former Royal Palace of Tripoli. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Capital and chief port of Libya. This article is about the capital of Libya.
For other uses, see Tripoli disambiguation. Capital city in Tripolitania, Libya. Capital city. Top: : That El Emad Towers ; Middle : Martyrs' Square ; Bottom left: Marcus Aurelius Arch; Bottom right: Souq al-Mushir — Tripoli Medina.
See also: Timeline of Tripoli. Main articles: First Barbary War and Second Barbary War. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.
February See also: Libyan Civil War , Timeline of the Libyan Civil War , Battle of Tripoli , and —20 Western Libya offensive. This section needs additional citations for verification.
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November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Libya portal. The World Factbook. Filadelfia: The American Philosophical Society.
Consultado el 13 de junio de World Weather Information Service. Consultado el 6 de agosto de Vistas Leer Editar Ver historial.
Wikimedia Commons Wikinoticias. The old quarter contains the marble Marcus Aurelius triumphal arch ce and the mosques of Gurgi and Karamanli 18th century , with its distinctive octagonal minaret.
Many historical structures benefited from restoration programs in the late 20th century. Tripoli is a major coastal oasis serving a region growing olives, vegetables, citrus fruit, tobacco, and grains.
Fishing is important, and several canneries in the city process the catch. An oil depot, motor vehicle assembly plants, and a gas-bottling plant are also located there.
With its port, nearby international airport, and road connections, Tripoli is a busy transshipment centre. Tripoli is the centre of the most densely populated region of Libya.
Tripoli Article Media Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login.Farbe Ombre Squarelocated near the waterfront is scattered with palm Dunkirk Kinothe most abundant plant used for landscaping in the city. Decatur's men set fire to the Philadelphia and escaped. It was the second time that Tripoli was bombed since the U.