William S. Burroughs. Bericht aus dem Bunker – Interviews, Gespräche und Gedanken. „Schon als Kind wollte ich Schriftsteller werden, weil Schriftsteller reich. William Seward Burroughs war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, der der Beat Generation zugerechnet wird. Sein bekanntestes Werk ist der Roman Naked Lunch. William Seward Burroughs (* 5. Februar in St. Louis, Missouri; † 2. August in Lawrence, Kansas) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, der der Beat.
Ähnliche Autoren zum FolgenWilliam S. Burroughs wurde in St. Louis, Missouri, geboren und starb in Lawrence, Kansas. Er studierte in Harvard und lernte /45 Jack Kerouac. William S. Burroughs. Bericht aus dem Bunker – Interviews, Gespräche und Gedanken. „Schon als Kind wollte ich Schriftsteller werden, weil Schriftsteller reich. , William Seward Burroughs wird am 5. Februar in St. Louis, Missouri, in eine Carr macht Burroughs mit Jack Kerouac und Allen Ginsberg bekannt.
William S Burroughs Navigační menu VideoWilliam S. Burroughs and Kurt Cobain - The \ 23 hours ago · William S. Burroughs: 10 Quotes from the Beat Legend on his Birthday. follow 3k Followers. Billy Manas (85,) #11 Contributor – see top Facebook Twitter. 7. 62 Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Link: 7 *Warning! Some naughty language. ~ Every cool kid on my block had five or six things in common. William Seward Burroughs II. ( St. Louis, Missouri – Lawrence, Kansas), obecně známý jako William S. Burroughs, člen American Academy of Arts and Letters a Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres ve Francii, je kultovní americký romanopisec, esejista, sociální kritik a malíř.Byl duchovním otcem beat generation, zakladatelem kyberpunku, původcem pojmu heavy metal Narození: 5. února , St. Louis, Missouri. 2/1/ · On the centenary of William Burroughs' birth, Will Self on why he was the perfect incarnation of late 20th‑century western angst – self-deluded, narcissistic yet perceptive about the sickness. Beat Generationpostmodernism. Crawdaddy Magazine. After Weihnachtskranz Selber Machen evaluated by a family friend, who was also a neurologist at a psychiatric treatment center, Burroughs waited five months in limbo at Jefferson Barracks outside Wie Entsteht Eine Mondfinsternis. Louis to visit Burroughs' parents and Queen Latifah Filme moved with Sky Q Aktivieren daughter to Texas. Admirers from the late s — early s milieu of this subgenre include William Gibson and John Shirleyto name only two. He maintained, "I always say, keep your snout in the public trough. Irving Rosenthalstudent editor of Chicago Reviewa quarterly journal partially subsidized by the university, promised to publish more excerpts from Naked Lunchbut he was fired from his position in after Chicago Daily News columnist Jack Mabley called the first excerpt obscene. Louis, Missouri, taking a large advance from Playboy to write an article about his trip back to St. Inhis mental health became a concern for his parents, especially after he Mance Rayder severed the last joint of his left little finger at the Joyn Auf Dem Fernseher to impress a man with whom he was infatuated. Ah Pook Is Here Tornado Alley The Burroughs File The Die Dicke Tilla Stream Mind. Burroughs, Jr. William S Burroughs talking about the experience, he claimed that the techniques and philosophy of Scientology helped him and that he felt that further study of Scientology would produce great results. Retrieved 7 February All forms of addiction, according to Burroughs, are counterproductive for Hentai Shimakaze, and the only gain to his own work from his 15 years as Der Stellvertreter Film Stream addict came from the knowledge he acquired of the bizarre, carnival milieu in which the drug taker is preyed upon as victim.
Fr Privatanwender die Gefahr William S Burroughs belangt zu werden, also nach dem William S Burroughs. - Alle Bücher von William S. BurroughsJunkie galt zur damaligen Zeit zunächst als unpublizierbar, wurde auf Bemühen von Allen Ginsberg jedoch im Format eines Groschenromans beim Verlag Ace Books veröffentlicht. William Seward Burroughs war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, der der Beat Generation zugerechnet wird. Sein bekanntestes Werk ist der Roman Naked Lunch. William Seward Burroughs (* 5. Februar in St. Louis, Missouri; † 2. August in Lawrence, Kansas) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, der der Beat. Burroughs. William S. Burroughs wurde als Spross einer begüterten Südstaatenfamilie in St. Louis, Missouri geboren. Er studierte englische Literatur in. William S. Burroughs wurde in St. Louis, Missouri, geboren und starb in Lawrence, Kansas. Er studierte in Harvard und lernte /45 Jack Kerouac.
He bears the name of both his father and his great-grandfather, William Seward Burroughs I , the original inventor of the Burroughs adding machine.
He wrote three novels, two of which were published as Speed and Kentucky Ham His third novel, Prakriti Junction, begun in , was never completed, although extracts from it were included in his third and final published work Cursed From Birth.
He died in , at the age of 33, from alcoholism and liver failure. In the documentary, John Giorno calls him "the last beatnik.
Burroughs was born in Conroe, Texas , to William S. Burroughs and Joan Vollmer. His mother was addicted to amphetamines , and his father was a heroin addict.
Herbert Huncke , a friend of his parents, relates that when Joan was pregnant he would drive into Houston to obtain Benzedrine , an inhaled amphetamine, for her.
On September 6, , Billy's father accidentally shot and killed his mother in a drunken game of 'William Tell' in Mexico City.
In chapter three of his second novel, Kentucky Ham , Burroughs relates his memory of the day his mother was shot dead, as well as the subsequent reunion with his father after he was freed from a Mexico City prison.
While his father stayed in Mexico, Billy went to live with his paternal grandparents, Mortimer and Laura Lee Burroughs, in St.
Louis, Missouri. In spring , when Billy was nearly 5, he moved with his grandparents to Palm Beach, Florida , where they relocated their store, Cobblestone Gardens.
By his own account, Billy said his grandparents were kind and reassuring; yet as they grew older, and he grew into adolescence, they were unable to relate.
When Billy was 13, his grandparents asked William S. Burroughs to take Billy back. He agreed, and Billy was sent alone by air to Tangiers , Morocco , to live with his father.
In Tangiers, Billy was introduced to marijuana , and he experienced several episodes of grown men attempting to rape him. By his father's own admission, the visit was a failed attempt to rehabilitate their relationship.
After Burroughs' lover, Ian Sommerville , convinced William that his son was irrevocably homesick, Billy returned to Palm Beach. When Billy was fifteen, he accidentally shot his best friend in the neck with a rifle, causing an almost fatal wound.
This event caused him to suffer a nervous breakdown. According to Kentucky Ham , Billy thought his friend was dead and ran away from home to seek refuge in a girlfriend's family fallout shelter.
He planned to flee to California , convinced that he was a murderer. Quick Links Biography Awards Photo Gallery. Filmography by Job Trailers and Videos.
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Do you have a demo reel? Add it to your IMDbPage. How Much Have You Seen? How much of William S. Burroughs's work have you seen? His sexual explicitness he was an avowed and outspoken homosexual and the frankness with which he dealt with his experiences as a drug addict won him a following among writers of the Beat movement.
Burroughs was the grandson of the inventor of the Burroughs adding machine and grew up in St. Louis in comfortable circumstances, graduating from Harvard University in and continuing study there in archaeology and ethnology.
Having tired of the academic world, he then held a variety of jobs. In Burroughs moved to New York City , where he became friends with Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg , two writers who would become principal figures in the Beat movement.
Burroughs first took morphine about , and he soon became addicted to heroin. Before turning himself in to the police, Carr confessed to Burroughs and Kerouac, who were both arrested as material witnesses.
They were later released on bail, and neither man was charged with a crime; Carr was convicted of manslaughter but was later pardoned. In Burroughs and Kerouac collaborated on a fictionalized retelling of those events entitled And the Hippos Were Boiled in Their Tanks.
Rejected by publishers at the time, it was not published until In he moved with his second wife to Mexico , where in he accidentally shot and killed her in a drunken prank.
Fleeing Mexico, he wandered through the Amazon region of South America , continuing his experiments with drugs, a period of his life detailed in The Yage Letters, his correspondence with Ginsberg written in but not published until In , his mental health became a concern for his parents, especially after he deliberately severed the last joint of his left little finger at the knuckle to impress a man with whom he was infatuated.
Burroughs enlisted in the U. Army early in , shortly after the bombing of Pearl Harbor brought the United States into World War II.
But when he was classified as a 1-A infantry, not an officer, he became dejected. His mother recognized her son's depression and got Burroughs a civilian disability discharge — a release from duty based on the premise that he should have not been allowed to enlist due to previous mental instability.
After being evaluated by a family friend, who was also a neurologist at a psychiatric treatment center, Burroughs waited five months in limbo at Jefferson Barracks outside St.
Louis before being discharged. During that time he met a Chicago soldier also awaiting release, and once Burroughs was free, he moved to Chicago and held a variety of jobs, including one as an exterminator.
When two of his friends from St. Louis — University of Chicago student Lucien Carr and his admirer, David Kammerer — left for New York City, Burroughs followed.
In , Burroughs began living with Joan Vollmer Adams in an apartment they shared with Jack Kerouac and Edie Parker , Kerouac's first wife.
Burroughs and Kerouac got into trouble with the law for failing to report a murder involving Lucien Carr , who had killed David Kammerer in a confrontation over Kammerer's incessant and unwanted advances.
This incident inspired Burroughs and Kerouac to collaborate on a novel titled And the Hippos were Boiled in their Tanks , completed in During this time, Burroughs began using morphine and became addicted.
He eventually sold heroin in Greenwich Village to support his habit. Vollmer also became an addict, but her drug of choice was Benzedrine , an amphetamine sold over the counter at that time.
Because of her addiction and social circle, her husband immediately divorced her after returning from the war.
Vollmer asked her psychiatrist, a Dr. Wollberg, to sign a surety bond for Burroughs' release. As part of his release, Burroughs returned to St.
Louis under his parents' care, after which he left for Mexico to get a divorce from Ilse Klapper. Meanwhile, Vollmer's addiction led to a temporary psychosis that resulted in her admission to Bellevue Hospital , which endangered the custody of her child.
Upon hearing this, Burroughs immediately returned to New York City to gain her release, asking her to marry him. Their marriage was never formalized, but she lived as his common-law wife.
They returned to St. Louis to visit Burroughs' parents and then moved with her daughter to Texas. Their son, William S. Burroughs Jr. The family moved briefly to New Orleans in Burroughs fled to Mexico to escape possible detention in Louisiana's Angola state prison.
Vollmer and their children followed him. Burroughs planned to stay in Mexico for at least five years, the length of his charge's statute of limitations.
Burroughs also attended classes at the Mexico City College in , studying Spanish, as well as "Mexican picture writing" codices and the Mayan language with R.
Their life in Mexico was by all accounts an unhappy one. Burroughs shot Vollmer in the head, killing her almost immediately. Soon after the incident, Burroughs changed his account, claiming that he had dropped his gun and it had accidentally fired.
Vollmer's daughter, Julie Adams, went to live with her grandmother, and William S. Louis to live with his grandparents. Burroughs reported every Monday morning to the jail in Mexico City while his prominent Mexican attorney worked to resolve the case.
According to James Grauerholz , two witnesses had agreed to testify that the gun had fired accidentally while he was checking to see if it was loaded, with ballistics experts bribed to support this story.
Upon Burroughs' attorney fleeing Mexico in light of his own legal problems, Burroughs decided, according to Ted Morgan , to "skip" and return to the United States.
He was convicted in absentia of homicide and was given a two-year suspended sentence. Although Burroughs was writing before the shooting of Joan Vollmer, this event marked him and, biographers argue, his work for the rest of his life.
Can you still love your mortal acquaintances? What do you remember of us? A book composed of letters between Burroughs and Ginsberg, The Yage Letters , was published in by City Lights Books.
In , a re-edited version, The Yage Letters Redux , showed that the letters were largely fictionalised from Burroughs' notes.
Burroughs described Vollmer's death as a pivotal event in his life, and one which provoked his writing by exposing him to the risk of possession by a malevolent entity he called "the Ugly Spirit":.
I am forced to the appalling conclusion that I would never have become a writer but for Joan's death, and to a realization of the extent to which this event has motivated and formulated my writing.
I live with the constant threat of possession, and a constant need to escape from possession, from Control.
So the death of Joan brought me in contact with the invader, the Ugly Spirit, and maneuvered me into a life long struggle, in which I have had no choice except to write my way out.
As Burroughs makes clear, he meant this reference to "possession" to be taken absolutely literally, stating: "My concept of possession is closer to the medieval model than to modern psychological explanations I mean a definite possessing entity.
Ugly evil. The ugly American", and took part in a shamanic ceremony with the explicit aim of exorcising the Ugly Spirit.
Oliver Harris has questioned Burroughs' claim that Vollmer's death catalysed his writing, highlighting the importance for Queer of Burroughs' traumatic relationship with the boyfriend fictionalized in the story as Eugene Allerton, rather than the shooting of Vollmer.
In any case, he had begun to write in Burroughs and Kerouac collaborated on And the Hippos Were Boiled in Their Tanks , a mystery novel loosely based on the Carr—Kammerer situation and that at the time remained unpublished.
Years later, in the documentary What Happened to Kerouac? An excerpt of this work, in which Burroughs and Kerouac wrote alternating chapters, was finally published in Word Virus ,  a compendium of William Burroughs' writing that was published by his biographer after his death in Before killing Vollmer, Burroughs had largely completed his first novel, Junkie , which was written at the urging of Allen Ginsberg , who was instrumental in getting the work published, even as a cheap mass-market paperback.
During , Burroughs was at a loose end. Due to legal problems, he was unable to live in the cities toward which he was most inclined.
He spent time with his parents in Palm Beach, Florida , and New York City with Allen Ginsberg. When Ginsberg refused his romantic advances,  Burroughs went to Rome to meet Alan Ansen on a vacation financed from his parents' continuing support.
He found Rome and Ansen's company dreary and, inspired by Paul Bowles ' fiction, he decided to head for the Tangier International Zone ,  pp— where he rented a room and began to write a large body of text that he personally referred to as Interzone.
To Burroughs, all signs directed a return to Tangier, a city where drugs were freely available and where financial support from his family would continue.
He realized that in the Moroccan culture he had found an environment that synchronized with his temperament and afforded no hindrances to pursuing his interests and indulging in his chosen activities.
He left for Tangier in November and spent the next four years there working on the fiction that would later become Naked Lunch , as well as attempting to write commercial articles about Tangier.
He sent these writings to Ginsberg, his literary agent for Junkie , but none was published until when Interzone , a collection of short stories, was published.
Under the strong influence of a marijuana confection known as majoun and a German-made opioid called Eukodol , Burroughs settled in to write.
Eventually, Ginsberg and Kerouac, who had traveled to Tangier in , helped Burroughs type, edit, and arrange these episodes into Naked Lunch.
Whereas Junkie and Queer were conventional in style, Naked Lunch was his first venture into a nonlinear style. After the publication of Naked Lunch , a book whose creation was to a certain extent the result of a series of contingencies, Burroughs was exposed to Brion Gysin 's cut-up technique at the Beat Hotel in Paris in October He began slicing up phrases and words to create new sentences.
Scenes were slid together with little care for narrative. Perhaps thinking of his crazed physician, Dr. Benway, he described Naked Lunch as a book that could be cut into at any point.
Although not considered science fiction , the book does seem to forecast AIDS , liposuction , and the crack pandemic.
Excerpts from Naked Lunch were first published in the United States in The novel was initially rejected by City Lights Books, the publisher of Ginsberg's Howl ; and Olympia Press publisher Maurice Girodias , who had published English-language novels in France that were controversial for their subjective views of sex and antisocial characters.
But Allen Ginsberg managed to get excerpts published in Black Mountain Review and Chicago Review in Irving Rosenthal , student editor of Chicago Review , a quarterly journal partially subsidized by the university, promised to publish more excerpts from Naked Lunch , but he was fired from his position in after Chicago Daily News columnist Jack Mabley called the first excerpt obscene.
Rosenthal went on to publish more in his newly created literary journal Big Table No. John Ciardi did get a copy and wrote a positive review of the work, prompting a telegram from Allen Ginsberg praising the review.
After the novel was published, it slowly became notorious across Europe and the United States, garnering interest from not just members of the counterculture of the s , but also literary critics such as Mary McCarthy.
Once published in the United States, Naked Lunch was prosecuted as obscene by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, followed by other states.
In , the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court declared the work "not obscene" on the basis of criteria developed largely to defend the book.
The case against Burroughs' novel still stands as the last obscenity trial against a work of literature — that is, a work consisting of words only, and not including illustrations or photographs — prosecuted in the United States.
The Word Hoard , the collection of manuscripts that produced Naked Lunch , also produced parts of the later works The Soft Machine , The Ticket That Exploded , and Nova Express These novels feature extensive use of the cut-up technique that influenced all of Burroughs' subsequent fiction to a degree.
During Burroughs' friendship and artistic collaborations with Brion Gysin and Ian Sommerville , the technique was combined with images, Gysin's paintings, and sound, via Somerville's tape recorders.
The cut-up method, because of its random or mechanical basis for text generation, combined with the possibilities of mixing in text written by other writers, deemphasizes the traditional role of the writer as creator or originator of a string of words, while simultaneously exalting the importance of the writer's sensibility as an editor.
In this sense, the cut-up method may be considered as analogous to the collage method in the visual arts.
New restored editions of The Nova Trilogy or Cut-Up Trilogy , edited by Oliver Harris President of the European Beat Studies Network and published in , included notes and materials to reveal the care with which Burroughs used his methods and the complex histories of his manuscripts.
Burroughs moved into a rundown hotel in the Latin Quarter of Paris in when Naked Lunch was still looking for a publisher.
Tangier , with its political unrest, and criminals with whom he had become involved, became dangerous to Burroughs.
He left behind a criminal charge which eventually caught up with him in Paris. Paul Lund, a British former career criminal and cigarette smuggler whom Burroughs met in Tangier, was arrested on suspicion of importing narcotics into France.
Lund gave up Burroughs, and evidence implicated Burroughs in the importation of narcotics into France. When the Moroccan authorities forwarded their investigation to French officials, Burroughs faced criminal charges in Paris for conspiracy to import opiates.
It was during this impending case that Maurice Girodias published Naked Lunch ; its appearance helped to get Burroughs a suspended sentence, since a literary career, according to Ted Morgan, is a respected profession in France.
The " Beat Hotel " was a typical European-style boarding house hotel, with common toilets on every floor, and a small place for personal cooking in the room.
Life there was documented by the photographer Harold Chapman , who lived in the attic room. This shabby, inexpensive hotel was populated by Gregory Corso , Ginsberg and Peter Orlovsky for several months after Naked Lunch first appeared.
Burroughs' time at the Beat Hotel was dominated by occult experiments — " mirror-gazing , scrying , trance and telepathy , all fuelled by a wide variety of mind-altering drugs".
The actual process by which Naked Lunch was published was partly a function of its "cut-up" presentation to the printer. Girodias had given Burroughs only ten days to prepare the manuscript for print galleys, and Burroughs sent over the manuscript in pieces, preparing the parts in no particular order.
When it was published in this authentically random manner, Burroughs liked it better than the initial plan. During this time Burroughs found an outlet for material otherwise rendered unpublishable in Jeff Nuttall 's My Own Mag.
Burroughs left Paris for London in to visit Dr. Dent, a well-known English medical doctor who spearheaded a reputedly painless heroin withdrawal treatment using the drug apomorphine.
Burroughs however was convinced. Following his first cure, he wrote a detailed appreciation of apomorphine and other cures, which he submitted to The British Journal of Addiction Vol.
Though he ultimately relapsed, Burroughs ended up working out of London for six years, traveling back to the United States on several occasions, including one time escorting his son to the Lexington Narcotics Farm and Prison after the younger Burroughs had been convicted of prescription fraud in Florida.
In the "Afterword" to the compilation of his son's two previously published novels Speed and Kentucky Ham , Burroughs writes that he thought he had a "small habit" and left London quickly without any narcotics because he suspected the U.
He claims he went through the most excruciating two months of opiate withdrawal while seeing his son through his trial and sentencing, traveling with Billy to Lexington, Kentucky from Miami to ensure that his son entered the hospital that he had once spent time in as a volunteer admission.
Louis, Missouri, taking a large advance from Playboy to write an article about his trip back to St. In Burroughs joined Jean Genet , John Sack , and Terry Southern in covering the Democratic National Convention for Esquire magazine.
Southern and Burroughs, who had first become acquainted in London, would remain lifelong friends and collaborators. In , Burroughs and Southern unsuccessfully attempted to adapt Naked Lunch for the screen in conjunction with American game-show producer Chuck Barris.
Burroughs supported himself and his addiction by publishing pieces in small literary presses. His avant-garde reputation grew internationally as hippies and college students discovered his earlier works.
He developed a close friendship with Antony Balch and lived with a young hustler named John Brady who continuously brought home young women despite Burroughs' protestations.
In the midst of this personal turmoil, Burroughs managed to complete two works: a novel written in screenplay format, The Last Words of Dutch Schultz ; and the traditional prose-format novel The Wild Boys It was during his time in London that Burroughs began using his " playback " technique in an attempt to place curses on various people and places who had drawn his ire, including the Moka coffee bar  [k] and the London HQ of Scientology.
Here is a sample operation carried out against the Moka Bar at 29 Frith Street, London, W1, beginning on August 3, Reverse Thursday.
Reason for operation was outrageous and unprovoked discourtesy and poisonous cheesecake. Now to close in on the Moka Bar. Take pictures. Stand around outside.
Let them see me. They are seething around in there Playback would come later with more pictures Playback was carried out a number of times with more pictures.
Their business fell off. They kept shorter and shorter hours. October 30, , the Moka Bar closed. The location was taken over by the Queen's Snack Bar.
In the s, Burroughs joined and then left the Church of Scientology. In talking about the experience, he claimed that the techniques and philosophy of Scientology helped him and that he felt that further study of Scientology would produce great results.
In , concerned about his friend's well-being, Allen Ginsberg gained for Burroughs a contract to teach creative writing at the City College of New York.
Burroughs successfully withdrew from heroin use and moved to New York. He eventually found an apartment, affectionately dubbed "The Bunker", on the Lower East Side of Manhattan at Bowery.
The building fell within New York City rent control policies that made it extremely cheap; it was only about four hundred dollars a month until when the rent control rules changed, doubling the rent overnight.
You were giving out all this energy and nothing was coming back. Grauerholz suggested the idea of reading tours. Grauerholz had managed several rock bands in Kansas and took the lead in booking for Burroughs reading tours that would help support him throughout the next two decades.
It raised his public profile, eventually aiding in his obtaining new publishing contracts. Through Grauerholz, Burroughs became a monthly columnist for the noted popular culture magazine Crawdaddy , for which he interviewed Led Zeppelin 's Jimmy Page in Burroughs decided to relocate back to the United States permanently in He then began to associate with New York cultural players such as Andy Warhol , John Giorno , Lou Reed , Patti Smith , and Susan Sontag , frequently entertaining them at the Bunker; he also visited venues like CBGB to watch the likes of Patti Smith perform.
It was reported in The New York Times that Burroughs himself would appear in the film.That book was where many of us first heard about Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, and William Burroughs. I was intrigued. I was intrigued. I borrowed all of their work from the high school library, but it wasn’t until Burroughs’ “Dead City Radio” came out on L.P. and cassette (that’s right, it was that long ago) that I really understood. About William S. Burroughs: William Seward Burroughs II, (also known by his pen name William Lee; February 5, – August 2, ) was an American nove. William S. Burroughs was a Beat Generation writer known for his startling, nontraditional accounts of drug culture, most famously in the book 'Naked Lunch.'. William Seward Burroughs III (July 21, – March 3, ) was an American novelist, also known as William S. Burroughs Jr. and Billy Burroughs. He bears the name of both his father and his great-grandfather, William Seward Burroughs I, the original inventor of the Burroughs adding machine. William S. Burroughs, in full William Seward Burroughs, (born February 5, , St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.—died August 2, , Lawrence, Kansas), American writer of experimental novels that evoke, in deliberately erratic prose, a nightmarish, sometimes wildly humorous world.