Fr. - Uhr. David Bowie - Katzenrebell Gerahmter Kunstdruck. Entworfen von Wisley Katze mit dem charakteristischen Blitz auf Rebels Dvid Bowie-. David Bowie (* 8. Januar als David Robert Jones in London; † Januar in New York City) war ein britischer Musiker, Sänger, Produzent und. Dvid-Bowie-Double David gallery-samagra.com: DAVIDS/Sven Darmer. Ende Oktober sitzt so jemand wie David Bowie in einem Hotelzimmer an der.
dvid bowie KunstdruckeKatze mit dem charakteristischen Blitz auf Rebels Dvid Bowie-Gesicht • Entdecke David Bowie's death was surprisingly shocking, he'd always been in the. David Bowie (* 8. Januar als David Robert Jones in London; † Januar in New York City) war ein britischer Musiker, Sänger, Produzent und. Dvid-Bowie-Double David gallery-samagra.com: DAVIDS/Sven Darmer. Ende Oktober sitzt so jemand wie David Bowie in einem Hotelzimmer an der.
Dvid Bowie Navigointivalikko VideoDavid Bowie – Space Oddity (Official Video) David Bowie (AFI: /ˈdeɪ.vɪd ˈboʊ.i/), pseudonimo di David Robert Jones (Londra, 8 gennaio – New York, 10 gennaio ), è stato un cantautore, polistrumentista e attore britannico. È considerato uno degli artisti più influenti del XX secolo.. La passione per la musica portò Bowie a imparare a suonare il sassofono quando era ancora gallery-samagra.com: Art rock, Glam rock, New wave. Welcome to the David Bowie Official Store! Shop online for David Bowie Merchandise, Apparel, T-Shirts, Hoodies, Hats, Bags, Drinkware, Accessories, and Music. David Bowie (gallery-samagra.com Robert Jones; 8. tammikuuta Lontoo, Englanti – tammikuuta New York, Yhdysvallat) oli brittiläinen muusikko, näyttelijä ja gallery-samagra.com aloitti musiikkiuransa luvulla. Hänen läpimurtoalbuminsa oli The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars (), ja kansainväliseksi supertähdeksi hänet nosti albumi Let’s Dance ().Kuollut: tammikuuta (69 vuotta), New York, .
Bowie oli opetellut lapsena soittamaan kitaraa, ja hän opetteli saksofonin soittamisen vuotiaana. Hän esiintyi vuodesta lähtien useissa yhtyeissä, jotka eivät saavuttaneet suurta menestystä.
Bowie otti tammikuussa käyttöönsä taiteilijanimen David Bowie. Hän oli siihen saakka käyttänyt nimiä Davie Jones tai Dave Jay, mutta vaihtoi nimensä, koska ei halunnut tulla sekoitetuksi The Monkees -yhtyeen Davy Jonesiin.
Nimeksi valittiin Bowie, koska se viittasi Jim Bowien keksimään Bowie-veitseen. Virallisesti hän ei kuitenkaan koskaan vaihtanut nimeään.
Bowien laulutyyli luvun jälkipuolella oli saanut paljon vaikutteita brittilaulaja Anthony Newleyltä. Saman vuoden kesäkuussa Bowie julkaisi ensimmäisen albuminsa David Bowie.
Albumilla oli yksinkertaista ja kevyttä poppia, jossa oli vaikutteita teatterista ja brittiläisestä varieteesta. Kappaleiden sanoitukset olivat usein humoristisia ja makaabereja.
Levy ei menestynyt kaupallisesti, eikä Bowie myöhemmin ottanut sitä mukaan levyjensä virallisiin uudelleenjulkaisukampanjoihin. Bowie vaihteli ulkoista tyyliään tiuhaan jo luvulla.
Vuonna hän oli modi , seuraavat kaksi vuotta hippi , minkä jälkeen hän alkoi vihdoin kehitellä omaa, hiukan naismaista tyyliään.
Vuonna Bowie tutustui tanssija Lindsay Kempiin , jonka pantomiimiryhmässä hän oppi tanssia ja mimiikkaa sekä kiinnostui eriskummallisuudesta.
Vuonna Bowie esitti pantomiimia Tyrannosaurus Rex -yhtyeen kiertueella lämmittelijänä, ja myöhemmin hän yhdisteli pantomiimia usein omaankin musiikkiinsa.
Bowie kuului lyhyen aikaa yhtyeeseen nimeltä Feathers. Vuonna ilmestyi Bowien toinen albumi, sekin alun perin nimeltään David Bowie , mutta levy tunnetaan nykyisin nimellä Space Oddity.
Samana vuonna hän teki sopimuksen amerikkalaisen Mercury Recordsin kanssa. Single oli hitti ja on noussut klassikoksi, mutta tyyliltään siitä eroava levy ei menestynyt julkaisuaikanaan.
Bowien kolmas albumi The Man Who Sold the World oli edeltäjäänsä raskaampi ja ahdistuneempi. Levy menestyi kohtalaisesti Yhdysvalloissa, mutta ei Britanniassa.
Hänen yhtyeensä tuohon aikaan oli nimeltään The Hype. Hänen musiikkimakunsa ja vaikutteensa olivat hyvin laaja-alaiset The Velvet Undergroundista Jacques Breliin.
Bowie meni naimisiin Angie Barnettin kanssa maaliskuussa , ja he saivat seuraavana vuonna pojan. Angie alkoi toimia Bowien promoottorina ja avustajana, ja hänellä oli vaikutus myös Bowien erikoisuutta tavoittelevaan tyyliin.
Bowien seuraavalla albumilla Hunky Dorylla soitti ensimmäistä kertaa yhdessä Bowien pitkäaikainen taustayhtye The Spiders from Mars , johon kuuluivat Mick Ronson , Trevor Bolder ja Mick Woodmansey.
Kuukausi Hunky Doryn levytysten päättymisen jälkeen Bowie alkoi levyttää kappaleita uudelle levylleen The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars Tällainen tunnustus oli ennen kuulumatonta tuon ajan musiikkimaailmassa  .
Ziggy Stardustin julkaisua seurasi 18 kuukautta kestänyt lähes yhtämittainen, tarkkaan suunnitellulla teatraalisuudellaan ja rohkeudellaan paljon suosiota saavuttanut konserttikiertue.
Syksyllä Bowie lähti etsimään menestystä Yhdysvalloista, missä brittiartisteista niinä aikoina menestyneimpiä olivat Elton John ja Rod Stewart.
Bowien manageri Tony DeFries aloitti maassa suuren julkisuuskampanjan, jossa Bowie esiteltiin suurellisen elämäntyylin omaavana tähtenä.
Bowie oli vuonna alkanut myös joutua roolihahmojensa vangiksi. David Jonesin suojautumiskeinokseen luomansa David Bowiekin oli vain yksi hahmo Ziggyn ja myöhemmän Aladdin Sanen ohella.
Oli helppoa olla hahmon lumoissa yötä päivää. Minä muutuin Ziggy Stardustiksi. David Bowie häipyi kuvioista kokonaan.
Lontoossa 3. Yleisö kauhistui, mutta jälkeenpäin Bowie selvitti tarkoittaneensa vain, että Ziggy ja Spiders-yhtye lopettavat. Yhdysvaltain-kiertueen aikana kirjoitettu albumi sisälsi kovempaa soundia ja huomattavasti rankempia aiheita kuin sadunomainen edellislevy.
Albumi varmisti Bowien aseman levylistoja hallitsevana suurena tähtenä Britanniassa, ja maailmankiertueensa myötä Bowiesta tuli tähti myös Japanissa.
Vuoden heinäkuussa Bowie oli suosionsa huipulla Britanniassa — hänellä oli samanaikaisesti viisi albumia Britannian Top 40 -listalla ja hänellä oli suuri ja omistautunut fanijoukko, joka jäljitteli idolinsa tyyliä mahdollisimman tarkkaan.
Vuonna Bowie teki vielä yhden albumin Ziggynä: lainakappaleista koostuneen levyn nimi oli Pin Ups ja se sisälsi Bowien suosikkeja vuosilta — Levy nousi Britannian listaykköseksi viiden viikon ajaksi.
Bowien ensimmäinen albumi Ziggyn ja Spiders-yhtyeen jälkeen, apokalyptinen Diamond Dogs , perustui löyhästi George Orwellin romaaniin Vuonna ja syntyi Bowien luotsaaman musikaali-idean kaaduttua tekijänoikeuserimielisyyksiin.
Heti levyn ilmestymisen jälkeen Bowie muutti Yhdysvaltoihin, aluksi New Yorkiin ja myöhemmin Los Angelesiin. Bowie publie son premier album solo depuis la fin de Tin Machine en avril Bowie retrouve Brian Eno pour 1.
Plusieurs chansons de The Nomad Soul sont reprises dans 'hours Courant , Bowie apprend qu'il est atteint d'un cancer du foie.
Sur son premier album, il s'inspire beaucoup vocalement d' Anthony Newley , un chanteur de music-hall britannique [ 17 ] , [ 49 ].
Andrew Goth le fait jouer Bernie, un gangster vieillissant, dans Everybody Loves Sunshine en La pochette de l'album 1. Le croyez-vous toujours? Wikimedia Commons.
Menu de navigation Espaces de noms Article Discussion. I'm an alligator, I'm a mama-papa coming for you, I'm the space invader, I'll be a rock 'n' rollin' bitch for you.
She asked me to stay and I stole her room. She asked for my love and I gave her a dangerous mind. Ain't there one damn song that can make me break down and cry?
The album, which remained in the chart for two years, was soon joined there by the 6-month-old Hunky Dory.
At the same time the non-album single " John, I'm Only Dancing ", and " All the Young Dudes ", a song he wrote and produced for Mott the Hoople ,  were successful in the UK.
The Ziggy Stardust Tour continued to the United States. Bowie contributed backing vocals, keyboards, and guitar to Reed's solo breakthrough Transformer , co-producing the album with Mick Ronson.
Described by Bowie as "Ziggy goes to America", it contained songs he wrote while travelling to and across the US during the earlier part of the Ziggy tour, which now continued to Japan to promote the new album.
Aladdin Sane spawned the UK top five singles " The Jean Genie " and " Drive-In Saturday ". Bowie's love of acting led his total immersion in the characters he created for his music.
Onstage I achieve emotion. It's probably why I prefer dressing up as Ziggy to being David. Ziggy, Bowie said, "wouldn't leave me alone for years.
That was when it all started to go sour My whole personality was affected. It became very dangerous.
I really did have doubts about my sanity. Footage from the final show was released the same year for the film Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars.
After breaking up the Spiders from Mars, Bowie attempted to move on from his Ziggy persona. His back catalogue was now highly sought after: The Man Who Sold the World had been re-released in along with Space Oddity.
Entering the same chart in September, Bowie's novelty record from , " The Laughing Gnome ", reached No.
It brought the total number of Bowie albums concurrently on the UK chart to six. Bowie moved to the US in , initially staying in New York City before settling in Los Angeles.
To promote it, Bowie launched the Diamond Dogs Tour , visiting cities in North America between June and December Choreographed by Toni Basil , and lavishly produced with theatrical special effects, the high-budget stage production was filmed by Alan Yentob.
The resulting documentary, Cracked Actor , featured a pasty and emaciated Bowie: the tour coincided with the singer's slide from heavy cocaine use into addiction, producing severe physical debilitation, paranoia , and emotional problems.
It also spawned a UK No. After a break in Philadelphia , where Bowie recorded new material, the tour resumed with a new emphasis on soul.
The fruit of the Philadelphia recording sessions was Young Americans Biographer Christopher Sandford writes, "Over the years, most British rockers had tried, one way or another, to become black-by-extension.
Few had succeeded as Bowie did now. Lennon called Bowie's work "great, but it's just rock'n'roll with lipstick on". At the culmination of the ensuing months-long legal dispute, he watched, as described by Sandford, "millions of dollars of his future earnings being surrendered" in what were "uniquely generous terms for Defries", then "shut himself up in West 20th Street, where for a week his howls could be heard through the locked attic door.
Station to Station , produced by Bowie and Harry Maslin,  introduced a new Bowie persona, " The Thin White Duke " of its title-track.
Visually, the character was an extension of Thomas Jerome Newton, the extraterrestrial being he portrayed in the film The Man Who Fell to Earth the same year.
The extent to which drug addiction was now affecting Bowie was made public when Russell Harty interviewed the singer for his London Weekend Television talk show in anticipation of the album's supporting tour.
Shortly before the satellite-linked interview was scheduled to commence, the death of the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco was announced.
Bowie was asked to relinquish the satellite booking, to allow the Spanish Government to put out a live newsfeed. This he refused to do, and his interview went ahead.
In the ensuing lengthy conversation with Harty, Bowie was incoherent and looked "disconnected". Featuring a starkly lit set, the Isolar — Tour with its colour newsprint Isolar concert program, highlighted songs from the album, including the dramatic and lengthy title track , the ballads " Wild Is the Wind " and " Word on a Wing ", and the funkier " TVC 15 " and " Stay ".
The core band that coalesced to record this album and tour—rhythm guitarist Carlos Alomar , bassist George Murray , and drummer Dennis Davis —continued as a stable unit for the remainder of the s.
The tour was highly successful but mired in political controversy. Matters came to a head in London in May in what became known as the " Victoria Station incident".
Arriving in an open-top Mercedes convertible , Bowie waved to the crowd in a gesture that some alleged was a Nazi salute , which was captured on camera and published in NME.
Bowie said the photographer caught him in mid-wave. The main thing I was functioning on was mythology I'd discovered King Arthur ".
He had some very bad experiences with hard drugs. Discussing his flirtations with fascism in a interview with NME , Bowie explained that Los Angeles was "where it had all happened.
The fucking place should be wiped off the face of the Earth. To be anything to do with rock and roll and go and live in Los Angeles is, I think, just heading for disaster.
It really is. After recovering from addiction, Bowie apologised for these statements, and throughout the s and '90s criticised racism in European politics and the American music industry.
Before the end of , Bowie's interest in the burgeoning German music scene, as well as his drug addiction, prompted him to move to West Berlin to clean up and revitalise his career.
The album Low , partly influenced by the Krautrock sound of Kraftwerk and Neu! Although he completed the album in November , it took his unsettled record company another three months to release it.
Contemporary composer Philip Glass described Low as "a work of genius" in , when he used it as the basis for his Symphony No. Echoing Low ' s minimalist, instrumental approach, the second of the trilogy, "Heroes" , incorporated pop and rock to a greater extent, seeing Bowie joined by guitarist Robert Fripp.
Like Low , "Heroes" evinced the zeitgeist of the Cold War , symbolised by the divided city of Berlin. Its title-track , though only reaching No.
Five years later, the duet proved a worldwide seasonal hit, charting in the UK at No. After completing Low and "Heroes" , Bowie spent much of on the Isolar II world tour , bringing the music of the first two Berlin Trilogy albums to almost a million people during 70 concerts in 12 countries.
By now he had broken his drug addiction; biographer David Buckley writes that Isolar II was "Bowie's first tour for five years in which he had probably not anaesthetised himself with copious quantities of cocaine before taking the stage.
Without the oblivion that drugs had brought, he was now in a healthy enough mental condition to want to make friends. The final piece in what Bowie called his " triptych ", Lodger , eschewed the minimalist, ambient nature of the other two, making a partial return to the drum- and guitar-based rock and pop of his pre-Berlin era.
The result was a complex mixture of new wave and world music , in places incorporating Hijaz non-Western scales. Some tracks were composed using Eno and Peter Schmidt 's Oblique Strategies cards: "Boys Keep Swinging" entailed band members swapping instruments, "Move On" used the chords from Bowie's early composition "All the Young Dudes" played backwards, and "Red Money" took backing tracks from "Sister Midnight", a piece previously composed with Iggy Pop.
Ahead of its release, RCA's Mel Ilberman stated, "It would be fair to call it Bowie's Sergeant Pepper Scary Monsters and Super Creeps produced the number-one hit " Ashes to Ashes ", featuring the textural work of guitar-synthesist Chuck Hammer and revisiting the character of Major Tom from "Space Oddity".
The song gave international exposure to the underground New Romantic movement when Bowie visited the London club "Blitz"—the main New Romantic hangout—to recruit several of the regulars including Steve Strange of the band Visage to act in the accompanying video, renowned as one of the most innovative of all time.
The album's hard rock edge included conspicuous guitar contributions from Robert Fripp , Chuck Hammer , and Pete Townshend.
Bowie paired with Queen in for a one-off single release, " Under Pressure ". The duet was a hit, becoming Bowie's third UK number-one single.
Coinciding with its transmission, a five-track EP of songs from the play, recorded earlier in Berlin, was released as David Bowie in Bertolt Brecht's Baal.
In March , the month before Paul Schrader 's film Cat People came out, Bowie's title song, " Cat People Putting Out Fire ", was released as a single, becoming a minor US hit and entering the UK Top Bowie reached his peak of popularity and commercial success in with Let's Dance.
Its three singles became Top 20 hits in both countries, where its title track reached number one. Let's Dance was followed by the Serious Moonlight Tour , during which Bowie was accompanied by guitarist Earl Slick and backing vocalists Frank and George Simms.
The world tour lasted six months and was extremely popular. Tonight , another dance-oriented album, found Bowie collaborating with Tina Turner and, once again, Iggy Pop.
It included a number of cover songs, among them the Beach Boys hit " God Only Knows ". The album bore the transatlantic Top 10 hit " Blue Jean ", itself the inspiration for a short film that won Bowie a Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video , Jazzin' for Blue Jean.
Bowie performed at Wembley Stadium in for Live Aid , a multi-venue benefit concert for Ethiopian famine relief. The same year, Bowie worked with the Pat Metheny Group to record " This Is Not America " for the soundtrack of The Falcon and the Snowman.
Released as a single, the song became a Top 40 hit in the UK and US. Bowie was given a role in the film Absolute Beginners. It was poorly received by critics, but Bowie's theme song , also named " Absolute Beginners ", rose to No.
He also appeared as Jareth , the Goblin King, in the Jim Henson film Labyrinth , for which he worked with composer Trevor Jones and wrote five original songs.
Peaking at No. Bowie later described it as his "nadir", calling it "an awful album". Bowie's backing band included Peter Frampton on lead guitar.
Contemporary critics maligned the tour as overproduced, saying it pandered to the current stadium rock trends in its special effects and dancing,  although in later years critics acknowledged the tour's strengths and influence on concert tours by other artists, such as Britney Spears , Madonna , and U2.
Bowie shelved his solo career in , retreating to the relative anonymity of band membership for the first time since the early s.
A hard-rocking quartet, Tin Machine came into being after Bowie began to work experimentally with guitarist Reeves Gabrels.
The line-up was completed by Tony and Hunt Sales , whom Bowie had known since the late s for their contribution, on bass and drums respectively, to Iggy Pop's album Lust for Life.
Although he intended Tin Machine to operate as a democracy, Bowie dominated, both in songwriting and in decision-making. Tin Machine's first world tour was a commercial success, but there was growing reluctance—among fans and critics alike—to accept Bowie's presentation as merely a band member.
In October , a decade after his divorce from Angie, Bowie and Somali -born supermodel Iman were introduced by a mutual friend.
Bowie recalled, "I was naming the children the night we met Tin Machine II ' s arrival was marked by a widely publicised and ill-timed conflict over the cover art: after production had begun, the new record label, Victory , deemed the depiction of four ancient nude Kouroi statues, judged by Bowie to be "in exquisite taste", to be "a show of wrong, obscene images", requiring air-brushing and patching to render the figures sexless.
On 20 April , Bowie appeared at The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert , following the Queen singer's death the previous year. As well as performing "Heroes" and "All the Young Dudes", he was joined on "Under Pressure" by Annie Lennox , who took Mercury's vocal part; during his appearance, Bowie knelt and recited the Lord's Prayer at Wembley Stadium.
Intending to move to Los Angeles, they flew in to search for a suitable property, but found themselves confined to their hotel, under curfew: the Los Angeles riots began the day they arrived.
They settled in New York instead. In , Bowie released his first solo offering since his Tin Machine departure, the soul, jazz, and hip-hop influenced Black Tie White Noise.
Making prominent use of electronic instruments, the album, which reunited Bowie with Let's Dance producer Nile Rodgers , confirmed Bowie's return to popularity, hitting the number-one spot on the UK charts and spawning three Top 40 hits, including the Top 10 single " Jump They Say ".
Only the title track had been used in the television adaptation, although some of his themes for it were also present on the album. The album was a critical success but received a low-key release and only made No.
Reuniting Bowie with Eno, the quasi- industrial Outside was originally conceived as the first volume in a non-linear narrative of art and murder.
Featuring characters from a short story written by Bowie, the album achieved UK and US chart success, and yielded three Top 40 UK singles.
Visiting cities in Europe and North America between September and February , the tour saw the return of Gabrels as Bowie's guitarist.
Bowie was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on 17 January Bowie's song " I'm Afraid of Americans " from the Paul Verhoeven film Showgirls was re-recorded for the album, and remixed by Trent Reznor for a single release.
The heavy rotation of the accompanying video, also featuring Trent Reznor , contributed to the song's week stay in the US Billboard Hot Reznor also executive produced the Lost Highway soundtrack which begins and ends with different mixes of Bowie's Outside song " I'm Deranged ".
Although the track was edited out of the final cut, it was later re-recorded and released as "Safe" on the B-side of Bowie's single " Everyone Says 'Hi' ".
Bowie, with Reeves Gabrels, created the soundtrack for Omikron: The Nomad Soul , a computer game in which he and Iman also voiced characters based on their likenesses.
Released the same year and containing re-recorded tracks from Omikron , his album Hours featured a song with lyrics by the winner of his "Cyber Song Contest" Internet competition, Alex Grant.
Bowie and Visconti continued their collaboration, producing a new album of completely original songs instead: the result of the sessions was the album Heathen.
On 25 June , Bowie made his second appearance at the Glastonbury Festival in England, playing 30 years after his first. Taking place in Europe and North America, the tour opened at London's annual Meltdown festival, for which Bowie was that year appointed artistic director.
Among the acts he selected for the festival were Philip Glass , Television , and the Dandy Warhols. As well as songs from the new album, the tour featured material from Bowie's Low era.
On 13 June, Bowie headlined the last night of the Isle of Wight Festival , his final live show in the UK. Originally thought to be a pinched nerve in his shoulder, the pain was later diagnosed as an acutely blocked coronary artery , requiring an emergency angioplasty in Hamburg.
The remaining 14 dates of the tour were cancelled. In the years following his recuperation from the heart attack, Bowie reduced his musical output, making only one-off appearances on stage and in the studio.
He sang in a duet of his song " Changes " with Butterfly Boucher for the animated film Shrek 2. Bowie was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award on 8 February The event was recorded, and a selection of songs on which he had contributed joint vocals were subsequently released.
Bowie was chosen to curate the High Line Festival, selecting musicians and artists for the Manhattan event, including electronic pop duo AIR , surrealist photographer Claude Cahun , and English comedian Ricky Gervais.
In late March , Toy , Bowie's previously unreleased album from , was leaked onto the internet, containing material used for Heathen and most of its single B-sides, as well as unheard new versions of his early back catalogue.
On 8 January , his 66th birthday, his website announced a new album, to be titled The Next Day and scheduled for release 8 March for Australia, 12 March for the United States, and 11 March for the rest of the world.
The announcement was accompanied by the immediate release of a single, " Where Are We Now? A music video for "Where Are We Now? A second video, "The Stars Are Out Tonight ", was released 25 February.
Directed by Floria Sigismondi , it stars Bowie and Tilda Swinton as a married couple. According to The Times , Bowie ruled out ever giving an interview again.
The album featured rare tracks and old material from his catalogue in addition to a new song titled " Sue Or in a Season of Crime ".
In August , it was announced that Bowie was writing songs for a Broadway musical based on the SpongeBob SquarePants cartoon series.
His last public appearance was at opening night of the production. Blackstar was released on 8 January , Bowie's 69th birthday, and was met with critical acclaim.
In September a box set was released covering Bowie's mids soul period, including The Gouster , a previously unreleased album.
At the 59th Annual Grammy Awards on 12 February , Bowie won all five nominated awards: Best Rock Performance ; Best Alternative Music Album ; Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical ; Best Recording Package ; and Best Rock Song.
They were Bowie's first Grammy wins in musical categories. While always primarily a musician, Bowie took acting roles throughout his career, appearing in over 30 movies, television shows and theatrical productions.
Bowie's acting career was "productively selective," largely eschewing starring roles for cameos and supporting parts. The beginnings of Bowie's acting career predate his commercial breakthrough as a musician.
Studying avant-garde theatre and mime under Lindsay Kemp, he was given the role of Cloud in Kemp's theatrical production Pierrot in Turquoise later made into the television film The Looking Glass Murders.
In , Bowie earned acclaim for his first major film role, portraying Thomas Jerome Newton, an alien from a dying planet, in The Man Who Fell to Earth , directed by Nicolas Roeg.
Bowie played Joseph Merrick in the Broadway theatre production The Elephant Man , which he undertook wearing no stage make-up, and which earned high praise for his expressive performance.
He played the part times between and Its soundtrack album, Christiane F. Lawrence , based on Laurens van der Post 's novel The Seed and the Sower , Bowie played Major Jack Celliers, a prisoner of war in a Japanese internment camp.
To promote the single " Blue Jean " Bowie filmed the 21 minute short film Jazzin' for Blue Jean with director Julien Temple , and played the dual roles of romantic protagonist Vic and arrogant rock star Screaming Lord Byron.
In , Bowie reteamed with director John Landis for an episode of the HBO sitcom Dream On  and played a disgruntled restaurant employee opposite Rosanna Arquette in The Linguini Incident.
The prequel to the television series was poorly received at the time of its release, but has since been critically reevaluated. Despite having several episodes which focus on vampires and Bowie's involvement, the show had no plot connection to the film of the same name.
In Mr. Rice's Secret , Bowie played the title role as the neighbour of a terminally ill year-old. Nolan later claimed that Bowie was his only preference to play Tesla, and that he personally appealed to Bowie to take the role after he initially passed.
In a interview with Consequence of Sound , director Denis Villeneuve revealed his intention to cast Bowie in Blade Runner as the lead villain, Niander Wallace, but when news broke of Bowie's death in January of the same year, Villeneuve was forced to look for talent with similar "rock star" qualities.
He eventually cast actor and lead singer of Thirty Seconds to Mars , Jared Leto. Talking about the casting process, Villeneuve said: "Our first thought [for the character] had been David Bowie, who had influenced Blade Runner in many ways.
When we learned the sad news, we looked around for someone like that. He [Bowie] embodied the Blade Runner spirit. His character was portrayed via archival footage.
At Bowie's request, Lynch overdubbed Bowie's original dialogue with a different actor's voice, as Bowie was unhappy with his Cajun accent in the original movie.
Bowie was also a painter and artist. He moved to Switzerland in , purchasing a chalet in the hills to the north of Lake Geneva.
In the new environment, his cocaine use decreased and he found time for other pursuits outside his musical career. When on tour, he took to sketching in a notebook, and photographing scenes for later reference.
Visiting galleries in Geneva and the Brücke Museum in Berlin, Bowie became, in the words of biographer Christopher Sandford, "a prolific producer and collector of contemporary art.
In , during an interview with Michael Kimmelman for The New York Times , he said "Art was, seriously, the only thing I'd ever wanted to own.
After his death, his family decided to sell most of the collection because they "didn't have the space" to store it.
Bowie used this income to buy songs owned by his former manager, Tony Defries. In September , Bowie launched an Internet service provider , BowieNet, developed in conjunction with Robert Goodale and Ron Roy.
Bowie's songs and stagecraft brought a new dimension to popular music in the early s, strongly influencing both its immediate forms and its subsequent development.
Bowie was a pioneer of glam rock, according to music historians Schinder and Schwartz, who credited Marc Bolan and Bowie with creating the genre.
Musicologist James Perone credited Bowie with having "brought sophistication to rock music", and critical reviews frequently acknowledged the intellectual depth of his work and influence.
I love when he's pulled equally in the directions of art and populism. Broadcaster John Peel contrasted Bowie with his progressive rock contemporaries, arguing that Bowie was "an interesting kind of fringe figure Peel said he "liked the idea of him reinventing himself Before Bowie came along, people didn't want too much change".
Buckley called the era "bloated, self-important, leather-clad, self-satisfied"; then Bowie "subverted the whole notion of what it was to be a rock star".
After Bowie there has been no other pop icon of his stature, because the pop world that produces these rock gods doesn't exist any more.
The fierce partisanship of the cult of Bowie was also unique—its influence lasted longer and has been more creative than perhaps almost any other force within pop fandom.
Buckley called Bowie "both star and icon. The vast body of work he has produced His influence has been unique in popular culture—he has permeated and altered more lives than any comparable figure.
Through continual reinvention, his influence broadened and extended. Easton concluded that Bowie had "changed the way the world sees Britain.
And the way Britain sees itself". Numerous figures from the music industry whose careers Bowie had influenced paid tribute to him following his death; panegyrics on Twitter tweets about him peaked at 20, a minute an hour after the announcement of his death  also came from outside the entertainment industry and pop culture , such as those from the Vatican , namely Cardinal Gianfranco Ravasi , who quoted "Space Oddity", and the Federal Foreign Office , which thanked Bowie for his part in the fall of the Berlin Wall and referenced "Heroes".
On 7 January , the BBC broadcast the minute documentary David Bowie: The Last Five Years , taking a detailed look at Bowie's last albums, The Next Day and Blackstar , and his play Lazarus.
On 6 February , the maiden flight of the SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket carried Elon Musk 's personal Tesla Roadster and a mannequin affectionately named Starman into space.
An exhibition of Bowie artefacts, called David Bowie Is , was organised by the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, and shown there in A biopic, Stardust , was announced on 31 January , with musician and actor Johnny Flynn as Bowie, Jena Malone as his wife Angie, and Marc Maron as his publicist.