Leo Franz Schrade (* Dezember in Allenstein, Ostpreußen (heute Olsztyn, Polen); † September in Spéracèdes, Frankreich) war ein. Entdecken Sie Franz Leo Ruben. Informieren Sie sich über aktuelle und verkaufte Kunstwerke von Franz Leo Ruben im Auktionshaus Dorotheum. Many translated example sentences containing "Leo Franz" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations.
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How it works. Team fundraiser. In September Leo was diagnosed with stage 4 lung cancer. During a battle with reoccurring A-FIB and other physical ailments, doctors found a mass in his lung that lead them to testing, and the eventual diagnosis.
After going through a battery of tests and a few surgeries, the doctors came up with a treatment plan for Leo that gave hope for him and his family.
Also in September, Leo was let go from his position at his job, where he served faithfully for many years, and no longer has access medical insurance.
With his wife out of FMLA and vacation time, she has now returned to work to try and make ends meet with her income alone. With normal day to day bills and expenses on only one income, the challenge of affording medical care is now a stark reality.
Every donation made goes to helping Leo and his wife operate their home and continue to pay for medical costs. Above any donation, prayer for peace, healing, comfort, and wisdom for the doctors are the best things that any one can give.
Leo is a faithful follower of Jesus, and believes in he healing power of God and the peace of the Holy Spirit.
He serves on the worship team with a great talent for playing electric guitar and a desire to serve the kingdom. With his recent diagnosis it has been a challenge to come to church, but his loving church family made a special VIP area for him and his wife Karen to come and enjoy church live and in person, while still being able to stay distanced and safe.
Harris, that he was under the impression that the hair on the lathe was not that of Mary Phagan, and thus tending to show that the crime was not committed on the floor of Frank's office.
While defense made the subject an extraordinary for a new trial, it is well known that it is almost a practical impossibility to have a verdict set aside by this procedure.
The commutation was headline news. Atlanta Mayor Jimmy Woodward remarked that "The larger part of the population believes Frank guilty and that the commutation was a mistake.
All I ask is that the people of Georgia read my statement and consider calmly the reasons I have given for commuting Leo M.
Frank's sentence. Feeling as I do about this case, I would be a murderer if I allowed that man to hang. I would rather be ploughing in a field than to feel for the rest of my life that I had that man's blood on my hands.
He also told reporters that he was certain that Conley was the actual murderer. The public was outraged. A mob threatened to attack the governor at his home.
A detachment of the Georgia National Guard , along with county policemen and a group of Slaton's friends who were sworn in as deputies, dispersed the mob.
For Frank's protection, he was taken to the Milledgeville State Penitentiary in the middle of the night before the commutation was announced.
The attacker told the authorities he "wanted to keep the other inmates safe from mob violence, Frank's presence was a disgrace to the prison, and he was sure he would be pardoned if he killed Frank.
The sensationalism in the press started before the trial and continued throughout the trial, the appeals process, the commutation decision, and beyond.
The Constitution alone assumed Frank's guilt, while both the Georgian and the Journal would later comment about the public hysteria in Atlanta during the trial, each suggesting the need to reexamine the evidence against the defendant.
Bricker, the pastor of the church attended by Phagan's family, said that based on "the awful tension of public feeling, it was next to impossible for a jury of our fellow human beings to have granted him a fair, fearless and impartial trial.
On October 12, , the New York Sun became the first major northern paper to give a detailed account of the Frank trial. In discussing the charges of antisemitism in the trial, it described Atlanta as more liberal on the subject than any other southern cities.
It went on to say that antisemitism did arise during the trial as Atlantans reacted to statements attributed to Frank's Jewish supporters, who dismissed Phagan as "nothing but a factory girl".
The paper said, "The anti-Semitic feeling was the natural result of the belief that the Jews had banded to free Frank, innocent or guilty.
The supposed solidarity of the Jews for Frank, even if he was guilty, caused a Gentile solidarity against him. They did so following Judge Roan's reconsideration motion and motivated by the issues raised in the Sun.
They chose not to take a public stance as a committee, instead deciding to raise funds individually to influence public opinion in favor of Frank.
Albert Lasker , a wealthy advertising magnate, responded to these calls to help Frank. Lasker contributed personal funds and arranged a public relations effort in support of Frank.
In Atlanta, during the time of the extraordinary motion, Lasker coordinated Frank's meetings with the press and coined the slogan "The Truth Is on the March" to characterize the efforts of Frank's defense team.
He persuaded prominent figures such as Thomas Edison , Henry Ford , and Jane Addams to make statements supporting Frank. Marshall weighed in, as did many leading magazine and newspaper editors, including Herbert Croly , editor of the New Republic ; C.
Mooney, editor of the Chicago Tribune ; Mark Sullivan, editor of Collier's ; R. Stafford, editor of the Daily Oklahoman ; and D. Moore, editor of the New Orleans Times-Picayune.
Tom Watson, editor of the Jeffersonian , had remained publicly silent during Frank's trial. Among Watson's political enemies was Senator Hoke Smith , former owner of The Atlanta Journal , which was still considered to be Smith's political instrument.
When the Journal called for a reevaluation of the evidence against Frank, Watson, in the March 19, edition of his magazine, attacked Smith for trying "to bring the courts into disrepute, drag down the judges to the level of criminals, and destroy the confidence of the people in the orderly process of the law.
Vann Woodward writes that Watson "pulled all the stops: Southern chivalry, sectional animus, race prejudice, class consciousness, agrarian resentment, state pride.
When describing the public reaction to Frank, historians mention the class and ethnic tensions in play while acknowledging the complexity of the case and the difficulty in gauging the importance of his Jewishness, class, and northern background.
Historian John Higham writes that "economic resentment, frustrated progressivism, and race consciousness combined to produce a classic case of lynch law.
Hatred of organized wealth reaching into Georgia from outside became a hatred of Jewish wealth. These circumstances made a Jewish employer a more fitting scapegoat for disgruntled whites than the other leading suspect in the case, a black worker.
The June 21, commutation provoked Tom Watson into advocating Frank's lynching. Lynch law is a good sign; it shows that a sense of justice lives among the people.
They consisted of 28 men with various skills: an electrician was to cut the prison wires, car mechanics were to keep the cars running, and there was a locksmith, a telephone man, a medic, a hangman, and a lay preacher.
Dobbs, mayor of Marietta at the time; Moultrie McKinney Sessions, lawyer and banker; part of the Marietta delegation at Governor Slaton's clemency hearing;  [n 30] several current and former Cobb County sheriffs; and other individuals of various professions.
On the afternoon of August 16, the eight cars of the lynch mob left Marietta separately for Milledgeville. Lookouts in the towns telephoned ahead to the next town as soon as they saw the line of cars pass by.
The Atlanta Journal wrote that a crowd of men, women, and children arrived on foot, in cars, and on horses, and that souvenir hunters cut away parts of his shirt sleeves.
Judge Newt Morris tried to restore order, and asked for a vote on whether the body should be returned to the parents intact; only Howell disagreed.
When the body was cut down, Howell started stamping on Frank's face and chest; Morris quickly placed the body in a basket, and he and his driver John Stephens Wood drove it out of Marietta.
In Atlanta, thousands besieged the undertaker's parlor, demanding to see the body; after they began throwing bricks, they were allowed to file past the corpse.
Several photographs were taken of the lynching, which were published and sold as postcards in local stores for 25 cents each; also sold were pieces of the rope, Frank's nightshirt, and branches from the tree.
According to Elaine Marie Alphin, author of An Unspeakable Crime: The Prosecution and Persecution of Leo Frank , they were selling so fast that the police announced that sellers would require a city license.
Historian Amy Louise Wood writes that local newspapers did not publish the photographs because it would have been too controversial, given that the lynch mob can be clearly seen and that the lynching was being condemned around the country.
The Columbia State , which opposed the lynching, wrote: "The heroic Marietta lynchers are too modest to give their photographs to the newspapers.
The lynching of Frank and its publicity temporarily put a damper on lynchings. Leo Frank's case was mentioned by Adolf Kraus when he announced the creation of the Anti-Defamation League in October It drove them into a state of denial about their Judaism.
They became even more assimilated, anti-Israel, Episcopalian. Two weeks after the lynching, in the September 2, issue of The Jeffersonian , Watson wrote, "the voice of the people is the voice of God",  capitalizing on his sensational coverage of the controversial trial.
In , when Watson began reporting his anti-Frank message, The Jeffersonian's circulation had been 25,; by September 2, , its circulation was 87, The consensus of researchers on the subject is that Frank was wrongly convicted.
A reporter who visited Frank's widow she never remarried , Lucille, stated that she started crying when he discussed the case with her.
Jeffrey Melnick wrote, "There is near unanimity around the idea that Frank was most certainly innocent of the crime of murdering Mary Phagan.
Vann Woodward, like many other authors, [n 39] believed that Conley was the actual murderer and was "implicated by evidence overwhelmingly more incriminating than any produced against Frank.
Critics cite a number of problems with the conviction. Local newspaper coverage, even before Frank was officially charged, was deemed to be inaccurate and prejudicial.
Websites supporting the view that Frank was guilty of murdering Phagan emerged around the centennial of the Phagan murder in In , Alonzo Mann, who had been Frank's office boy at the time of Phagan's murder, told The Tennessean that he had seen Jim Conley alone shortly after noon carrying Phagan's body through the lobby toward the ladder descending into the basement.
The board also reviewed the files from Slaton's commutation decision. It concluded that, "After exhaustive review and many hours of deliberation, it is impossible to decide conclusively the guilt or innocence of Leo M.
For the board to grant a pardon, the innocence of the subject must be shown conclusively. Frank supporters submitted a second application for pardon, asking the state only to recognize its culpability over his death.
The board granted the pardon in Without attempting to address the question of guilt or innocence, and in recognition of the State's failure to protect the person of Leo M.
Frank and thereby preserve his opportunity for continued legal appeal of his conviction, and in recognition of the State's failure to bring his killers to justice, and as an effort to heal old wounds, the State Board of Pardons and Paroles, in compliance with its Constitutional and statutory authority, hereby grants to Leo M.
Frank a Pardon. In response to the pardon, an editorial by Fred Grimm in the Miami Herald said, "A salve for one of the South's most hateful, festering memories, was finally applied.
Comparison has been made to the contemporaneous trial known as "the Beilis trial" and "the Beilis affair. In , a state historical marker was erected by the Georgia Historical Society , the Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation , and Temple Kol Emeth, near the building at Roswell Road, Marietta where Frank was lynched.
Slaton at the Atlanta History Center. In , The Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation, with support from the ADL, and Rabbi Steve Lebow of Temple Kol Emeth, placed the first national anti-lynching memorial at the Georgia Department of Transportation designated Leo Frank memorial site.
The anti-lynching memorial was facilitated by a strong letter of support to the Georgia Department of Transportation by the late Congressman John Lewis when the Department turned down siting permission.
In , Fulton County District Attorney Paul Howard founded an eight-member panel called the Conviction Integrity Unit to investigate the cases of Wayne Williams and Frank.
During the trial, the Atlanta musician and millworker Fiddlin' John Carson wrote and performed a murder ballad entitled "Little Mary Phagan".
During the mill strikes of , Carson sang "Little Mary Phagan" to crowds from the Fulton County courthouse steps.
His daughter, Moonshine Kate , later recorded the song. The Frank case has been the subject of several media adaptations.
In , African-American director Oscar Micheaux directed a silent race film entitled The Gunsaulus Mystery , followed by Murder in Harlem in Slaton's decision to commute Frank's sentence.
The episode starred Walter Matthau as Governor Slaton and Michael Constantine as Tom Watson. John Slaton and also featuring Kevin Spacey.
Leo Frank. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American factory superintendent and lynching victim. Cuero, Texas , U.
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During the past six days, however, she'd been needed only for two abbreviated shifts. Private investigators operating in the city were required to submit duplicate copies of their reports to the department, even if the documents implicated a client.
This much Scott would reveal to Frank. What he would not reveal, however, was that his allegiance to the force went deeper than the statutes required, that indeed, one of his best friends, someone with whom he often worked in tandem, was the individual who from the outset had believed Frank guilty: Detective John Black.
A Negro suspect [Conley], later implicated by evidence overwhelmingly more incriminating than any produced against Frank, was thrust aside by the cry for the blood of the 'Jew Pervert.
Matthews, and the conductor, W. Hollis, testified that Phagan got off the trolley at In addition, they both testified that Epps was not on the trolley.
Epps said at trial that Phagan got off the trolley at From the stop where Phagan exited the trolley, according to Atlanta police officer John N.
Starnes, "It takes not over three minutes to walk from Marietta Street, at the corner of Forsyth, across the viaduct, and through Forsyth Street, down to the factory.
Supreme Court appeal, Frank v. Mangum It was needed to continue through the appeals process because the ordinary procedures had been exhausted.
It said, "I recommend executive clemency in the case of Leo. I wish today to recommend to you and the Governor to commute Frank's sentence to life imprisonment.
The state of uncertainty is largely due to the character of the negro Conley's testimony, by which the verdict was evidently reached The execution of any person whose guilt has not been satisfactorily proved to the constituted authorities is too horrible to contemplate.
Speaking on the impact of the reward money, Oney wrote, "In effect, the bounty served to deputize the entire city, and by late Monday, the officers working the case would be spending more time following dubious tips than developing legitimate leads.
But, when on the next day, the police arrested a Jew, and a Yankee Jew at that, all of the inborn prejudice against Jews rose up in a feeling of satisfaction, that here would be a victim worthy to pay for the crime.
Only three days during the month did the paper not publish a major article on the Frank case. Some of its stories, particularly if there was a new development, strove for balance, but by and large, Ochs's sheet was more interested in disseminating propaganda than in practicing journalism.
The failure of progressives to solve national and international problems led to nativist displays "of hysteria and violence that had been rare or nonexistent since the s.
They could hardly ignore the much-heightened tensions between Jew and non-Jew in the city as a result of the trial, as a result particularly of the widespread belief, after Frank's conviction, that the Jews were trying, through devious means, to arrange that a convicted murderer be freed.
Wilkes, Jr. May 5, Years later, he was identified as one of the ringleaders; see Alphin p. She assumes he got it from the newspapers' archives, though the newspapers did not publish it; they accompanied their stories instead with images of the woods near the hanging, and of the crowds who viewed Frank's body later in the funeral parlor; see Wood, pp.
See Alphin p. Leo Frank was an innocent man convicted at an unfair trial. He presented his own case so eloquently and so ingenuously, and the circumstance of the trial were such a glaring indication of a miscarriage of justice, that thousands of people enlisted in his cause.
There can be no doubt, of course, that all three were innocent. Dorsey as solicitor. Smith's analysis of the murder notes convinced him Conley composed them independently and were planted by Phagan's body as if she wrote them.
Oney writes, "Slaton offered a legal rationale for commuting Frank's sentence to life imprisonment, asserting that contrary to the claims of those who opposed the action, there was sufficient new evidence not introduced at the trial Marietta Street ARTery Association.
Barri Flowers October 6, Murder at the Pencil Factory: The Killing of Mary Phagan Years Later. True Crime. Roan, — Court of Appeals of the State of Georgia.
Epic Trials in Jewish History. University of Missouri—Kansas City School of Law. Archived from the original on January 14, Retrieved October 1, Slaton — , The New Georgia Encyclopedia.
Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 15, Retrieved August 13, The New York Times , August 19, The Atlanta Journal , August 17, In Beller, Miles; Cray, Ed; Kotler, Jonathan eds.
American Datelines , p. Also see "GEORGIA: A Political Suicide". Time , January 24, Also see "Body Of Frank Is Found Dangling From A Tree Near The Phagan Home".
Associated Press, August 17, For the souvenirs and violence, see Alphin p. Archived from the original on August 15, Retrieved August 22, February 8, Retrieved June 25, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
August 21, Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. AJS Review , Vol. The American Mercury. Online version of a magazine founded by H.
Mencken in Most articles in the History category are on the topic of Leo Frank. Anti-Defamation League. Retrieved August 31, Retrieved May 15, New Georgia Encyclopedia.
The Miami Herald. Retrieved July 13, The Jew Accused: Three Anti-Semitic Affairs Dreyfus, Beilis, Frank , — Retrieved October 28, John M.
Slaton — ". Georgia Historical Society. June 17, Retrieved July 27, Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved May 18, University of North Carolina.
Retrieved July 26, Film Quarterly. Summer Archived from the original on April 13, Nugent July 15, The New York Times.
Slaton TV ". The Paley Center for Media. Retrieved December 11, Rotten Tomatoes. Tony Award Productions. Ben Loeterman Productions, Inc.
Retrieved January 4, Alphin, Elaine Marie. An Unspeakable Crime: The Prosecution and Persecution of Leo Frank. Carolrhoda Books, Google Books abridged version.
Retrieved June 10, Carter, Dan. Journal of Southern History , Vol. DOI: Chanes, Jerome. In Maisel, Louis; Forman, Ira; Altschiller, Donald; Bassett, Charles.
Jews in American Politics: Essays. Coleman, Kenneth. A History of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, Dinnerstein, Leonard. Antisemitism in America.
Oxford University Press, Retrieved June 5, The Leo Frank Case. Eakin, Frank. What Price Prejudice? Paulist Press, Freedman, Eric. Habeas Corpus: Rethinking the Great Writ of Liberty.
New York University Press, Retrieved August 23, Frey, Robert Seitz; Thompson-Frey, Nancy. The Silent and the Damned: The Murder of Mary Phagan and the Lynching of Leo Frank.
Retrieved June 17, Friedman, Lawrence M. Louis University Law Journal , Vol. Golden, Harry. A Little Girl is Dead.
World Publishing Company, California History , Vol. Higham, John. Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, — Rutgers University Press, Knight, Alfred H.
The Life of the Law. Lawson, John Davison ed. American State Trials Volume X , contains the abridged trial testimony and closing arguments starting on p.
Lindemann, Albert S. Cambridge University Press, Retrieved June 11, MacLean, Nancy. The Journal of American History , Vol. Melnick, Jeffrey Paul.
Black-Jewish Relations on Trial: Leo Frank and Jim Conley in the New South. University Press of Mississippi, Moore, Deborah. B'nai B'rith and the Challenge of Ethnic Leadership.
State University of New York Press, Moseley, Clement Charlton. Frank, —". The Georgia Historical Quarterly , Vol. And the Dead Shall Rise: The Murder of Mary Phagan and the Lynching of Leo Frank.
Pantheon Books, Phagan Kean, Mary. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan. Horizon Press, Samuels, Charles; Samuels, Louise Night Fell on Georgia , Dell, Theoharis, Athan; Cox, John Stuart.
The Boss: J. Edgar Hoover and the Great American Inquisition. Temple University Press, Watson, D. The Journal of Modern History , Vol.
Wood, Amy Louise. Lynching and Spectacle. The University of North Carolina Press, Woodward, Comer Vann. Tom Watson: Agrarian Rebel. New York: Oxford University Press, History of Atlanta.
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